The new heaven(s) and the new earth are only mentioned in Isaiah 65:17; Isaiah 66:22; 2 Peter 3:13 and Revelation 21:1.
The new heaven and the new earth:
Will be created by God.
Isaiah 65:17 & Isaiah 66:22
Will be ruled by Jesus Christ forever.
Isaiah 9:6-7; Ezekiel 37:25-28; Daniel 7:13-14; Luke 1:32-33 & Revelation 11:15.
Will endure before God (presumably forever).
Will endure even as God’s name and God’s people will endure (presumably forever).
Are promised by God.
2 Peter 3:13
Are looked forward to by God’s people.
2 Peter 3:13-14
Will be the home of righteousness.
2 Peter 3:13
Result because the first heaven and the first earth have passed away.
No longer has any sea.
Presumably are the “host” of the Holy City, the new Jerusalem.
Revelation 21:1-2,10 & see 7.2 below.
Is the dwelling of God with men (believers).
Is the inheritance of those who overcome.
Has a great and high mountain.
Has no need for the sun or moon to give light because the glory of God gives light. Isaiah 60:19-20; Revelation 21:23,25 & Revelation 22:5. However, the moon may exist because there may still be “new moons” per Isaiah 66:22-23.
Will have nations and kings.
Revelation 21:24-26 & Revelation 22:2
The exact nature of the new heaven and the new earth is not known, other than the descriptions above, plus the description of the Holy City, the New Jerusalem in 7.2 below. However, there may not be any heavenly bodies in the new heaven basis Isaiah 60:19-20; Revelation 21:23,25 and Revelation 22:5.
“Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, ‘Now the dwelling of God is with men, and he will live with them.’”
The Holy City, the new Jerusalem, is mentioned in Isaiah 65:18-19; Hebrews 11:10,16; Hebrews 12:22; Revelation 3:12; Revelation 21:1 through Revelation 22:6 and Revelation 22:14,17,19.
The Holy City, the new Jerusalem is apparently within, and part of, the new heaven and the new earth (see 7.1 above), and has this description:
Will be the location of the throne of God the Father and of God the Son (the Lamb).
Revelation 21:2-3,22-23 & Revelation 22:1,3
Will be created by God.
Isaiah 65:18 Note – This verse is undoubtedly a reference to the new Jerusalem because it immediately follows Isaiah 65:17 which speaks of the new heavens and the new earth.
Will be a delight.
Will be a joy to God’s people, and they will be glad and rejoice.
God will rejoice over it.
God will take delight in his people there.
Will not have the sound of weeping or crying.
Isaiah 65:19 & Revelation 21:4
Abraham was looking forward to it.
Is also called Mount Zion, the heavenly Jerusalem, the city of the living God per Hebrews 12:22.
Note – It appears that the heavenly Jerusalem initially is in the third heaven (see 2 Corinthians 12:2-4), and later (per Revelation 3:12 and Revelation 21:1-2,10) comes down out of heaven from God as the new Jerusalem after the new heaven and the new earth are created.
Has thousands upon thousands of angels in joyful assembly.
Comes down out of heaven from God.
Revelation 3:12 & Revelation 21:2,10
Prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband.
Is the dwelling of God with men, and he will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God.
God will wipe away every tear from his peoples eyes.
Isaiah 65:19 & Revelation 21:4
There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.
Isaiah 65:19; 1 Corinthians 15:26 & Revelation 21:4
Will be part of God’s making everything new.
Will have the spring of the water of life.
Revelation 21:6 & Revelation 22:1,14,17
Will be inherited by those who overcome.
Revelation 21:7 & Revelation 22:14
Shines with the glory of God.
Revelation 21:11,23 & Revelation 22:5
Is brilliant like that of a very precious jewel, like jasper, clear as crystal.
Has a great, high wall with twelve gates, and with twelve angels at the gates.
Has the names of the twelve tribes of Israel written on the twelve gates.
Has three gates on the east, three on the north, three on the south and three on the west.
Has twelve foundations for the wall of the city, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
Is laid out as a square.
Is very large, measuring 1,500 miles long and 1,500 miles wide.
Revelation 21:16 NASB
May also be 1,500 miles high.
Its wall is about 200 feet thick.
Its wall is made of jasper.
The city is made of pure gold as pure as glass.
The twelve wall foundations were decorated with twelve types of precious stone.
The twelve gates were twelve pearls, each gate made of a single pearl.
The great street of the city was of pure gold, like translucent glass.
Revelation 21:21 & Revelation 22:1-2
The city does NOT have a temple, because the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.
The Lord God Almighty (God the Father) and the Lamb (God the Son) live in the city.
Revelation 21:3,22-23 & Revelation 22:1,3
The city does not need the sun or the moon, or a lamp, to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp.
Isaiah 60:19-20; Revelation 21:23,25 & Revelation 22:5
Nations will walk by its light.
Kings of the nations of the earth will bring their splendor, glory and honor into the city.
On no day will the gates of the city ever be shut.
There will still be days there.
Isaiah 60:19-20 & Revelation 21:25
There will be no night there.
Revelation 21:25 & Revelation 22:5
Nothing impure will ever enter the city, nor will anyone who does what is shameful or deceitful.
Only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life will enter the city.
The city has the throne of God and of the Lamb.
Revelation 21:5 & Revelation 22:1,3
The river of the water of life, as clear as crystal, flows from the throne of God and of the Lamb down the middle of the great street of the city.
On each side of the river stood the tree of life, bearing twelve crops of fruit, yielding its fruit every month. And the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations.
“Then the end (eternal life) will come, when he (Christ) hands over the kingdom to God the Father after he has destroyed all dominion, authority and power.”
1 Corinthians 15:24
No longer will there be any curse.
God’s servants will serve him, they will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads.
God and the Lamb will reign for ever and ever.
Blessed are those who wash their robes, that they may have the right to the tree of life and may go through the gates into the city.
Revelation 22:14. See also Revelation 2:7.
The location of the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, is uncertain. However, it appears to come down from heaven to be on the new earth. This is basis it having a high wall with gates (Revelation 21:12), nations walk by its light and kings bring their splendor, glory and honor into the city (Revelation 21:24,26 & Revelation 22:2), and those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life may enter the city (Revelation 21:27 & Revelation 22:14).