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The Tribulation

3 The Seventieth Week of Daniel (Commonly called the Tribulation)

the tribulation

3.1 Daniel’s Prophecy of Seventy Weeks in Daniel 9:24-27
3.2 Other Terms for Daniel’s Seventieth Week (or its Last Half)
3.3 Timeframe of Daniel’s Seventieth Week
3.4 Distinction between Daniel’s Seventieth Week, the Tribulation & the Great Tribulation
3.5 God’s Purpose in Bringing About Daniel’s Seventieth Week
3.6 Outline of God’s Dealing with Israel After the Rapture
3.7 Outline of God’s Dealing with the Gentiles After the Rapture
3.8Relationship of the Day of the LORD to Daniel’s Seventieth Week
3.9 Characteristics of the Day of the LORD
3.10 Events of the First Half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week
3.11 Events at the Midpoint of Daniel’s Seventieth Week
3.12 Characteristics of the Last Half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week
3.13 Events in Revelation of the Last Half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week
3.14 Other Events of the Last Half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week
3.15 Concluding Events of the Last Half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week


 

3.1 Daniel’s Prophecy of Seventy Weeks in Daniel 9:24-27

The seventy weeks of years (actually the 70 ‘sevens’ in Daniel 9:24) are 490 years that are decreed by God for Israel and Jerusalem.  This is split into an initial 483 years (7 ‘sevens’ plus 62 ‘sevens’ per Daniel 9:25), plus the final 7 years (1 ‘seven’ per Daniel 9:27).  After the first 483 years were completed, Jesus, the Anointed One, was cut off (dies on the cross) per Daniel 9:26.

There is a long time gap between the end of the sixty-ninth week and the beginning of the seventieth week (the Rapture).  This long time gap is known as the CHURCH AGE.

The important final 7 years is often called Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  The seventieth week presumably starts right after, or very soon after, the Rapture which ends the Church Age (see Section 2).

Daniel’s Seventieth Week starts soon after the Rapture with a seven-year peace treaty between Israel and a ruler per Daniel 9:27.  But the ruler (called the Beast per Daniel 7:23-25 and Revelation 13:1-8,14-15) breaks the treaty in the middle of this seven year period per Daniel 9:27 by stopping temple sacrifices and by setting up an idol in the temple.  In Matthew 24:15 NASB this idol is called “the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet.”  Although the seven year peace treaty is probably a treaty with Israel, it is also probable that it affects the entire world per Revelation 3:10.

The final 3 ½ years, after the treaty is broken, is described as follows: “then there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever shall.”  Matthew 24:21 NASB

“Seventy ‘sevens’ (490 years) are decreed for your people (Israel) and your holy city (Jerusalem) to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy (by the end of the Seventy Weeks at the Second Coming of Christ).  Know and understand this:  From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem (issued by King Artaxerxes in Nehemiah 2:1-8) until the Anointed One (Jesus Christ), the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens’, and sixty-two ‘sevens’ (483 years total).  It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble.  After the sixty-two ‘sevens’, the Anointed One (Jesus) will be cut off (die on the cross) and will have nothing.  The people (Romans) of the ruler (the Beast) who will come, will destroy the city and the sanctuary (in 70 AD).  The end will come like a flood:  War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed.  He (the ruler who will come, the Beast) will confirm a covenant (peace treaty) with many (including Israel) for one ‘seven’ (seven years).  In the middle of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering.  And on a wing of the temple he (the Beast) will set up an abomination that causes desolation (see Matthew 24:15; 2 Thessalonians 2:4 & Revelation 13:14-15), until the end that is decreed is poured out on him (the Beast’s end is the lake of fire per Revelation 19:19-20).”  Daniel 9:24-27

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3.2 Other Terms for Daniel’s Seventieth Week (or its Last Half)

Other Biblical terms, as discussed below, are also used for the seven years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week, or more typically for the last half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week:

The Tribulation (or Distress) – This is the most commonly used term for Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  God decrees this tribulation apparently for the judgment and purification of His chosen people Israel, as well as for the gentiles.  It applies to Daniel Seventieth Week, or possibly to the last 3 ½ years thereof, but it is customary to use the word Tribulation to refer to the entire 7 year period.  The scripture references are Deuteronomy 4:30; Matthew 24:21-22,29-30; Mark 13:19-20,24-26 & Revelation 7:14.

The Great Tribulation – This is a more specific and emphatic reference to the last 3 ½ years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  Again God decrees it apparently for the judgment and purification of his chosen people Israel, as well as for the gentiles.  The scripture references are Daniel 12:1; Matthew 24:21 NASB; Mark 13:19 NASB; Luke 21:23 & Revelation 7:14.

The Time of Jacob’s Trouble – Another term for Daniel’s Seventieth Week, but it probably refers to the last 3 ½ years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  It is found in Jeremiah 30:7 NIV or KJV.

The Time of Distress Such as has Not Happened from the Beginning of Nations – Another term for the last 3 ½ years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week, that emphasizes the severity of the distress.  It is found in Daniel 12:1, but see also Matthew 24:21 & Mark 13:19.

The Wrath of God – Although there are multitudes of scriptural references to wrath, only some of them refer specifically, by context, to God’s Wrath poured out in the last days on Israel and on the gentiles.  Often it is spoken of as God’s Day of Wrath.  As such it probably refers to the last 3 ½ years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  The references to God’s Day of Wrath are:  Psalm 110:5-6; Isaiah 13:13; Ezekiel 7:19; Ezekiel 22:18-22; Zephaniah 1:14-15,18; Romans 1:18; Romans 2:5,8-9; Romans 5:9; Ephesians 5:6; Colossians 3:6; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; 1 Thessalonians 5:9; 2 Thessalonians 2:8; Revelation 3:10; Revelation 6:16-17; Revelation 11:18; Revelation 14:9-10,19; Revelation 15:1,7; Revelation 16:1,19 & Revelation 19:15.

A Time, Times and Half a Time – This phrase is a reference to the last 3 ½ years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  The scripture references are Daniel 7:25; Daniel 12:7 and Revelation 12:14.

Forty-Two Months – This phrase is also a reference to the last 3 ½ years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  The scripture references are Revelation 11:2 and Revelation 13:5.

1,260 Days – This is a reference to the last 3 ½ years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  Note that this is equal to 42 months of 30 days each, which is considered the length of a lunar month in scripture.  The scripture references are Revelation 11:3 and Revelation 12:6.

1,290 Days – This is still another reference to the last 3 ½ years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week. The scripture reference is Daniel 12:11.  It is not known what occurs in the 30 additional days that are beyond the 1,260 days; however, the 30 days may be the time after the Second Coming of Jesus Christ for the Judgment of Living Israel (see 4.9) and the Sheep and Goats Judgment of Living Gentiles (see 4.10).

1,335 Days – This is yet another reference to the last 3 ½ years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week, but it is not known what occurs in the 75 additional days that are beyond the 1,260 days (forty-two months).  Perhaps it also includes the Second Coming of Christ, and the judgments and other events that immediately follow the Second Coming (see Section 4), up and until the beginning of the Millennium.  The scripture reference is Daniel 12:12.

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3.3 Timeframe of Daniel’s Seventieth Week

The seven years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week presumably starts right after, or soon after, the Rapture of church age believers (see 2.2).  Per the scriptures given in 2.3 above, the Rapture occurs before God’s wrath is poured out on the earth during Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  No scripture specifically says there is, or there is not, a time period between the Rapture and Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  However, some Bible scholars think that may be a limited duration time gap between the Rapture and the beginning of the seven year long Seventieth Week.

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3.4 Distinction between Daniel’s Seventieth Week, the Tribulation & the Great Tribulation

As discussed in 3.1 above Daniel’s Seventieth Week is clearly a seven year period.  It includes the events of Revelation 6:1 through Revelation 19:10.  It is a time of God’s wrath, intended to bring many to repentance and salvation.  Note that this begins with Revelation 6 which portrays the first six Seals of God’s judgment.  Revelation 6:16-17 says that people called “Hide us from the face of him who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb!  For the great day of their wrath has come.”

The Great Tribulation (see 3.2 above) refers to the last 3 ½ years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  This is clear because: 1) Daniel 9:27 says that in the “middle of the ‘seven’ …. on a wing of the temple he (the Beast) will set up an abomination that causes desolation”, and 2) Matthew 24:15-22 NASB & KJV which say that “when you see the Abomination of Desolation which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the Holy Place” …. “then there will be a Great Tribulation, such as not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever shall”.  See also Mark 13:14-20 NASB & KJV; Daniel 12:1-2 and Revelation 7:13-14.  These verses indicate that the Great Tribulation is the 3 ½ years which starts after the Abomination of Desolation is set up in the middle of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.

The Bible is not completely clear as to whether The Tribulation refers to the seven years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week, or whether it refers to the last 3 ½ years of Great Tribulation.  However, most people use the term The Tribulation as referring to the entire seven years of  Daniel’s Seventieth WeekAnd we will also use The Tribulation as the common name for Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  Clearly, basis Revelation 6:16-17, God’s wrath is poured out during the entire seven year period.  Basis the Scripture references given in 2.3 above, we agree that the “Pre-Tribulation Rapture” occurs before the seven year period of God’s Wrath.  And basis these Scripture references we do not agree with the “Mid-Tribulation Rapture” position.

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3.5 God’s Purpose in Bringing About Daniel’s Seventieth Week

Daniel’s Seventieth Week follows the Rapture when all church age believers will be taken from earth to heaven to be with Jesus forever.

As such there will be no believers left on earth at the start of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.

This removal of these believers indwelt by the Holy Spirit results in great lawlessness on earth as described in the following verse: “For the secret power of lawlessness is already at work; but the one who now holds it back (the Holy Spirit indwelling believers) will continue to do so till he (the Holy Spirit) is taken out of the way (at the Rapture when believers are removed from the earth).”  2 Thessalonians 2:7

Yet God has a plan and a purpose in bringing about Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  And it is closely tied to God’s plan and purpose for Israel as stated in Daniel 9:24-27 and as outlined in 3.6 below.  This is clearly seen in the following scripture about Daniel’s Seventy Weeks: “Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people (Israel) and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy. …. He (the ruler who will come) will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.”  Daniel 9:24,27

God intends to test all those who live on earth as seen in the following scripture: “I will also keep you (church age believers in Philadelphia per Revelation 3:7) from the hour of trial that is going to come upon the whole world to test those who live on the earth.” Revelation 3:10.  This applies both to Israel (see 3.6 below) and to the Gentiles (see 3.7 below).

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3.6 Outline of God’s Dealing with Israel After the Rapture

After all Church Age believing Israelites are taken to heaven in the Rapture, God will deal with unbelieving Israel in special ways during Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  An outline of these ways is given in the following scriptures, although some deal with Daniel’s Seventieth Week and some deal with subsequent events at the Second Coming of Christ, or in the Millennial Kingdom.

God has not and will not reject Israel.  See Romans 11:1-2,11,13-15,23.

God will take away from Israel their current hardness of heart.  See Romans 11:25-26.

God will assemble Israel from the nations back to the land of Israel.  This is already occurring, but will continue.  See Isaiah 11:11-12; Ezekiel 20:34,41-42 & Ezekiel 37:11-14.

Israel will listen to God.  See Ezekiel 20:39-40,43-44.

Israel will seek the LORD.  See Deuteronomy 4:29-30; Jeremiah 50:4-5 & Hosea 3:4-5.

God makes a New Covenant with Israel.  See Jeremiah 31:31-34; Ezekiel 36:26-27; Romans 11:25-27; Hebrews 8:8-10,13 & Hebrews 9:15.  Refer also to 5.6 below, and to Hebrews 7:18-19,22; Hebrews 10:8-9,16 & Hebrews 12:24.

Daniel’s Seventieth Week will bring testing to everyone on earth.  See Revelation 3:10.

Israel will be severely persecuted.  See Matthew 24:9 & Revelation 12:13-17.

Yet many Israelites will turn to God.  See Deuteronomy 4:29-30 & Revelation 7:2-8.

Israelites will be severely refined by God.  See Isaiah 48:9-10; Zechariah 13:8-9; Malachi 3:2-3 & Malachi 4:1-2.

Many Israelites will become believers and be martyred.  See Revelation 11:3,7 & Revelation 17:6.

Martyred Israelite believers will later be resurrected at Christ’s Second Coming.  See Isaiah 26:19; Daniel 12:1-3; John 5:28-29; 1 Corinthians 15:20-24 & Revelation 20:4-5.  Also, see 4.11.

But all believing Israelites will enter the Millennial Kingdom of Christ.  See 1 Corinthians 15:21-25 & Revelation 20:4-5.

All those still unbelieving Israelites will be judged and will presumably all die.  See Isaiah 1:20,28, Isaiah 65:11-12,15; Ezekiel 20:35-38; Amos 9:8-10 & Zechariah 13:8-9.  Refer also to Amos 5:3-4,6; Malachi 4:1-2 & Matthew 3:12.

These unbelieving Israelites will not enter the Millennial Kingdom of Christ.  See Ezekiel 20:35-38; Amos 9:8-10; Malachi 3:17-18; Malachi 4:1-3 & Revelation 20:4-5.

Instead all unbelieving Israelites will die before the Millennium.  See Isaiah 1:20,28; Isaiah 65:12,15; Amos 9:10; Malachi 4:1 & Matthew 3:12.

All Israel will be saved.  This is the clear statement of Romans 11:25-26, but very few people believe this literally.  However, God’s hand is not shortened that He will not literally do this marvelous thing.  All unbelieving Israelites will die physically before the start of the Millennium, so that at the time of the beginning of the Millennium it will literally be true that all living Israelites will be saved as God promised in Romans 11:25-27.  This is supported by Amos 9:8-11; Zechariah 13:8-9; Matthew 25:30; Romans 9:27-29,33 & Revelation 20:4-5.  Refer also to Isaiah 1:19-20,27-28; Isaiah 65:11-12,15; Ezekiel 20:35-38; Amos 3:12-15; Zephaniah 2:3; Malachi 4:1-2 & Matthew 3:12.

“Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in.  And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: ‘The Deliverer will come from Zion; he will turn godlessness away from Jacob.  And this is my covenant with them when I take away their sins.’”  Romans 11:25-27

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3.7 Outline of God’s Dealing with the Gentiles After the Rapture

God will also deal with unbelieving gentiles during Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  An outline of this is given in the following scriptures, although some deal with Daniel’s Seventieth Week and some deal with subsequent events at the Second Coming of Christ, or in the Millennial Kingdom.

God intends to test everyone who lives on earth as seen in the following scripture: “I will also keep you (church age believers in Philadelphia per Revelation 3:7) from the hour of trial that is going to come upon the whole world to test those who live on the earth.”  Revelation 3:10

The cup of God’s wrath will be poured out on the gentiles.  See Jeremiah 25:15-17,27-33.

Yet many gentiles will become believers during the Great Tribulation and will be blessed by God as indicated as follows:

“After this I looked and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, standing before the throne and in front of the Lamb.  They were wearing white robes. …. And he said, ‘These are they who have come out of the great tribulation; they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. …. For the Lamb at the center of the throne will be their shepherd; he will lead them to springs of living water.  And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.’”  Revelation 7:9,14,17

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3.8 Relationship of the Day of the LORD to Daniel’s Seventieth Week

The phrase Day of the LORD that is found in many scriptures, is a period of time that starts with Daniel’s Seventieth Week (the Tribulation),  includes the Second Coming of Christ and the Millennium.  As such, the Day of the LORD begins right after the Rapture at the beginning of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  See the following quotation:

Following is an extended excerpt from pages 230-231 of the book Things to Come by Dwight Pentecost:

“The term Day of the Lord occurs in the following passages: Isaiah 2:12; Isaiah 13:6,9; Ezekiel 13:5; Ezekiel 30:3; Joel 1:15; Joel 2:1,11,31; Joel 3:14; Amos 5:18(twice),20; Obadiah 15; Zephaniah 1:7,14(twice); Zechariah 14:1; Malachi 4:5; Acts 2:20; 1 Thessalonians 5:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:2 and 2 Peter 3:10.  In addition, the phrase that day or the day or the great day occurs more than 75 times in the Old Testament.  The frequency with which it occurs will evidence its importance in the prophetic Scriptures.  These passages reveal that the idea of judgment is paramount in all of them.  This is so clearly brought out in Zephaniah 1:14-18.  This judgment includes not only the specific judgments upon Israel and the nations at the end of the tribulation that are associated with the second advent, but, from a consideration of the passages themselves, includes judgments that extend over a period of time prior to the second advent.  Thus, it is concluded that the Day of the Lord will include the time of the tribulation.  Zechariah 14:1-4 makes it clear that the events of the second advent are included in the program of the Day of the Lord.  2 Peter 3:10 gives authority for including the entire millennial age within this period.  If the Day of the Lord did not begin until the second advent, since that event is preceded by signs, the Day of the Lord could not come as a ‘thief in the night,’ unexpected and unheralded, as it is said it will come in 1 Thessalonians 5:2.  The only way this day could break unexpectedly upon the world is to have it begin immediately after the rapture of the church. It is thus concluded that the Day of the Lord is that extended period of time beginning with God’s dealing with Israel after the rapture at the beginning of the tribulation period and extending through the second advent and the millennial age unto the creation of the new heavens and the new earth after the millennium.”

In the broad sense, the Day of the LORD begins after the Rapture and goes through the Millennium.  However, the term often refers more specifically to the day of the Second Coming of Christ.

Renald Showers in his book Maranatha – Our Lord, Come says on page 39: “The expression ‘the Day of the Lord’ has a double sense in relationship to the future.  First, in the broad sense it refers to an extended period of time involving divine interventions related to the 70th week of Daniel 9 plus the thousand-year Millennium.  Second, in the narrow sense it refers to one specific day – the day on which Christ will return to the earth from heaven with His angels.”

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3.9 Characteristics of the Day of the LORD

“Alas for that day!  For the day of the LORD is near; it will come like destruction from the Almighty.”
Joel 1:15

“Blow the trumpet in Zion; sound the alarm on my holy hill.  Let all who live in the land tremble, for the day of the LORD is coming.  It is close at hand – a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and blackness.”
Joel 2:1-2

The day of the LORD is great; it is dreadful.  Who can endure it?  ‘Even now,’ declares the LORD, ‘return to me with all your heart, with fasting and weeping and mourning.’”
Joel 2:11-12

“And afterward, I will pour out my Spirit on all people.  Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions.  Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days.  I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and billows of smoke.  The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD.  And everyone who calls on the name of the LORD will be saved.”  Joel 2:28-32 & Acts 2:17-21.  See also Romans 10:13.

“In those days and at that time, when I restore the fortunes of Judah and Jerusalem, I will gather all nations and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat.  There I will enter into judgment against them concerning my inheritance, my people Israel, for they scattered my people among the nations and divided up my land.”
Joel 3:1-2

“Let the nations be roused; let them advance into the Valley of Jehoshaphat, for there I will sit to judge all the nations on every side. …. Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision!  For the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision.  The sun and moon will be darkened, and the stars no longer shine.  The LORD will roar from Zion and thunder from Jerusalem; the earth and the sky will tremble.”
Joel 3:12,14-16

“This is what the LORD says:

‘For three sins of Damascus, even for four, I will not turn back my wrath.’….

‘For three sins of Gaza, even for four, I will not turn back my wrath.’….

‘For three sins of Tyre, even for four, I will not turn back my wrath.’….

‘For three sins of Edom, even for four, I will not turn back my wrath.’….

‘For three sins of Ammon, even for four, I will not turn back my wrath.’….

‘For three sins of Moab, even for four, I will not turn back my wrath.’….

‘For three sins of Judah, even for four, I will not turn back my wrath.’….

‘For three sins of Israel, even for four, I will not turn back my wrath.’”  Amos 1:3,6,9,11,13 & Amos 2:1,4,6

“This is what the LORD says: ‘As a shepherd saves from the lion’s mouth only two leg bones or a piece of an ear, so will the Israelites be saved.’”
Amos 3:12

“’I overthrew some of you as I overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.  You were like a burning stick snatched from the fire, yet you have not returned to me,’ declares the LORD.  ‘Therefore this is what I will do to you, Israel, and because I will do this to you, prepare to meet your God, O Israel.’”
Amos 4:11-12

“This is what the LORD says to the house of Israel: ‘Seek me and live.’”
Amos 5:4

“Woe to you who long for the day of the LORD!  Why do you long for the day of the LORD?  That day will be darkness, not light. …. Will not the day of the LORD be darkness, not light – pitch-dark, without a ray of brightness?”
Amos 5:18,20

“Then the LORD said to me, ‘The time is ripe for my people Israel; I will spare them no longer.’”
Amos 8:2

“’In that day,’ declares the Sovereign LORD, ‘I will make the sun go down at noon and darken the earth in broad daylight.’”
Amos 8:9

“’The days are coming,’ declares the Sovereign LORD, ‘when I will send a famine through the land – not a famine of food or a thirst for water, but a famine of hearing the words of the LORD.’”
Amos 8:11

“’Surely the eyes of the Sovereign LORD are on the sinful kingdom.  I will destroy it from the face of the earth – yet I will not totally destroy the house of Jacob,’ declares the LORD.  ‘For I will give the command, and I will shake the house of Israel. …. All the sinners among my people will die by the sword.’”
Amos 9:8-10

The day of the LORD is near for all nations.  As you have done, it will be done to you; …. But on Mount Zion will be deliverance; it will be holy, and the house of Jacob will possess its inheritance.”
Obadiah 15,17

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3.10 Events of the First Half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week

The first half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week is 3 ½ years in duration.

Daniel’s Seventieth Week starts out with no believers on earth because all believers will have been taken to heaven in the immediately preceding Rapture.

Briefly, the major events of the first half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week appear to be:

The Beast (the Antichrist) appears on the scene as a world power and as the head of the revived Roman Empire.  See below in 3.10.

The Beast makes a seven year covenant with many, including Israel.  See below in 3.10.

The temple is rebuilt.  See below in 3.10.

The Great Prostitute heads up apostate Christianity.  See below in 3.10.

Many Israelites and gentiles are born again.  See below in 3.10.

The first six seal judgments.  See below in 3.10.

The Man of Lawlessness” (2 Thessalonians 2:3-12) apparently cannot be revealed until the Rapture removes all believers from earth (2 Thessalonians 2:1-3,7-8).  The Man of Lawlessness is called “the ruler who will come” in Daniel 9:26-27, and is also called “the Beast” in the following passages:  Daniel 7:3,7-8,11,19-25; Revelation 11:7; Revelation 13:1-8,11-18; Revelation 14:9-11; Revelation 15:2; Revelation 16:2,10,13; Revelation 17:3,7-8,11-13,16-17; Revelation 19:19-20 & Revelation 20:4,10.  He is also called “the Antichrist” in 1 John 2:18 & 1 John 4:3.

The removal of the all people indwelt by the Holy Spirit at the Rapture results in great lawlessness on earth as described in the following verse: “For the secret power of lawlessness is already at work; but the one who now holds it back (the Holy Spirit indwelling believers) will continue to do so till he (the Holy Spirit) is taken out of the way (at the Rapture when believers are removed from the earth).”  2 Thessalonians 2:7.

However, many Israelites and many gentiles will become believers during Daniel’s Seventieth Week as is clear from Revelation 7:3-10,13-14.

“The ruler who will come (the Beast) …. He will confirm a covenant with many for one ‘seven’.  In the middle of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering.  And on a wing of the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.”  Daniel 9:26-27.

This seven year covenant presumably starts at or near the beginning of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  The seven-year peace treaty or covenant will be confirmed by the powerful ruler (the Beast) with many (including the nation Israel).  See Daniel 9:26-27.  This powerful ruler who will come, apparently is to be identified as the little horn Beast of Daniel 7:7-8,11,20-25 who will come from ten nations and will subdue three nations (Daniel 7:24).  Also, per Daniel 9:26, this ruler (the Beast) is, or will be, ruler over Roman people, who were the people who destroyed Jerusalem and the temple in the year 70 AD.  As such, apparently this ruler (the Beast) is, or will be, the head of ten European nations.

As such, there will be a federation of ten countries in a revived Roman empire headed by this little horn ruler (the Beast).  See Daniel 2:40-44; Daniel 7:7-8,11,20-25; Daniel 8:9-12,23-25; Daniel 9:26-27 & Revelation 13:1-8.

The covenant that the ruler who will come (the Beast) makes with Israel is for a seven year period (Daniel 9:27).  Apparently this is a covenant in which this ruler guarantees peace for Israel.  This seven-year covenant starts at, or very near, the beginning of Daniel’s Seventieth Week since Daniel 9:27 indicates that this covenant is prematurely terminated by this ruler in the middle of the seven-year period.

This “ruler who will come” (Daniel 9:26) is also identified as “the Man of Lawlessness” (2 Thessalonians 2:3-12), as “the Beast” (see references above in 3.10) and as “the Antichrist” (1 John 2:18 & 1 John 4:3).

Another event of the first 3 ½ years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week is implied by Daniel 9:27, where the Jerusalem temple is in existence at the midpoint of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  Since the temple is not currently in existence on the temple mount, therefore the temple must be rebuilt before the midpoint of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  This rebuilding of the temple presumably takes place during the first 3 ½ years of Daniel’s Seventieth Week, under the authorization of the ruler who will make the seven-year peace treaty with Israel.  Conceivably, however, the temple could be rebuilt before the Rapture, but this would seem to detract from the imminence of the Rapture.  Note that the rebuilding of the temple and the re-establishment of sacrifices is currently being actively planned and prepared for by some Orthodox Israelites in Israel.  They reportedly have all the needed materials on hand.

After the rebuilding of the temple, sacrifices and offerings will again be instituted.  This is implied by Daniel 9:27 and by Revelation 11:1-2.

There are a large number of scriptural events that take place during Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  Most of these events seem to take place during the last 3 ½ years.  And there is considerable uncertainty as to exactly which events occur during the first half of this seven year period.  However, a common view which seems correct is that the following scriptural passages refer to events in the first half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week:  Matthew 24:4-14 (before the Abomination of Desolation of Matthew 24:15); Mark 13:5-13 (before the Abomination of Desolation of Mark 13:14); Luke 21:8-19 and Revelation 6:1-17.  Therefore, these mentioned scripture passages will be briefly summarized below as probably occurring in the first half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week:

Many will deceive you claiming “I am the Christ”.  Matthew 24:4-5; Mark 13:5-6 & Luke 21:8

There will be wars and rumors of war.  Matthew 24:6-7; Mark:13:7-8; Luke 21:9-10 & Revelation 6:2,4

There will be famines, earthquakes, pestilences and signs from heaven.  Matthew 24:7; Mark 13:8: Luke 21:11 & Revelation 6:5-8,12-14

You will be hated, persecuted and killed because of Christ.  Matthew 24:9: Mark 13:12-13; Luke 21:12,16-17 & Revelation 6:9-11

Many will turn away from the faith and hate each other.  Matthew 24:10 & Mark 13:13

False prophets will deceive many.  Matthew 24:11

You will be brought to court because of Christ.  Matthew 24:9; Mark 13:9,11 & Luke 21:12

You will be a witness to Christ.  Mark 13:9: Luke 21:13 & Revelation 6:9

You will be given what to respond to those who accuse you.  Mark 13:11 & Luke 21:14-15

There will be an increase in wickedness.  Matthew 24:12

He who stands firm to the end will be saved.  Matthew 24:13 & Mark 13:13

The gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world, and then the end will come.  Matthew 24:14 & Mark 13:10

Family members will betray each other.  Mark 13:12 & Luke 21:16

Additionally, the following Seal Judgments probably occur in the first half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week:

First seal – Rider on a white horse rode out to conquer.  Revelation 6:1-2

Second seal – Rider on a red horse is given power to cause war and killing.  Revelation 6:3-4

Third seal – Rider on a black horse brings high food prices and famine.  Revelation 6:5-6

Fourth seal – Rider on a pale horse brings death by sword, famine, plague and wild beasts over a fourth of the earth.  Revelation 6:7-8

Fifth seal – The souls of believers who have been martyred because of their testimony, cry out to God for avenging justice, and are given white robes and are told to wait a little longer.  Revelation 6:9-11

Sixth seal – A great earthquake, sun turned black, moon turned red, stars fall to earth, strong winds, mountains and islands removed, all people hid in caves and among mountain rocks.  Revelation 6:12-17

Probably also occurring in this time frame, although found later in Revelation 17, is the prophecy concerning the Great Prostitute, called Babylon the Great.  The kings of the earth commit adultery with the great prostitute (verses 1-2), who is the personification called “Babylon the Great” (verse 5), the great city that rules over the kings of the earth (verse 18).  The Great Prostitute (Babylon the Great) rides on the Beast (verses 3,7); and is drunk with the blood of the saints, who bore testimony to Jesus (verse 6).  She (Babylon the Great) sits on seven hills (verse 9).  Revelation 17:1-15,18.  Note that it is uncertain whether the powerful and great city of Babylon in Revelation 17:1 through Revelation 19:5 is the city of Rome, Italy (likely), the rebuilt city of Babylon, Iraq, or some other great and powerful city.  Babylon the Great may represent apostate Christendom based at Rome that dominates worldwide religion for 3 ½ years in the first half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week, before being overthrown by the Beast.  Also, see 3.11 and 3.13 below concerning the fall and burning of Babylon the Great recorded in Revelation 17:16 through Revelation 19:5.

Another important event that apparently occurs during the first half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week, and probably just before the midpoint of Daniel’s Seventieth Week, is the invasion of Israel by huge armies coming mainly from Russia, as well as from several other nations.  This is recorded in detail in Ezekiel 38:1 through Ezekiel 39:24.  The invading armies include Gog, Magog, Meshech, Tubal, Persia, Cush, Put, Gomer and Beth Togarmah (Ezekiel 38:2-3,5-6).  These “fully armed hordes” (Ezekiel 38:4,7,13,15) will advance into Israel “like a cloud covering the land” (Ezekiel 38:9,16), even when “my people Israel are living in safety” (Ezekiel 38:14).  But God intervenes as follows:

“This is what will happen in that day: When Gog attacks the land of Israel, my hot anger will be aroused, declares the Sovereign LORD.  In my zeal and fiery wrath I declare that at that time there shall be a great earthquake in the land of Israel. …. All the people on the face of the earth will tremble at my presence.  The mountains will be overturned, the cliffs will crumble and every wall will fall to the ground.  I will summon a sword against Gog on all my mountains, declares the Sovereign LORD.  Every man’s sword will be against his brother.  I will execute judgment upon him with plague and bloodshed; I will pour down torrents of rain, hailstones and burning sulfur upon him and on his troops and on the many nations with him.”
Ezekiel 38:18-22

On the mountains of Israel you (Gog) will fall, you and all your troops and the nations with you.  I will give you as food to all kinds of carrion birds and to the wild animals.”
Ezekiel 39:4

Note that the LORD totally defeats these enemy hordes, without Israel having to do anything:  “I will make known my holy name among my people Israel.  I will no longer let my name be profaned, and the nations will know that I the LORD am the Holy One in Israel.”
Ezekiel 39:7

“On that day I will give Gog a burial place in Israel. …. Gog and all his hordes will be buried there. …. For seven months the house of Israel will be burying them in order to cleanse the land.  All the people of the land will bury them, and the day I am glorified will be a memorable day for them, declares the Sovereign LORD.”
Ezekiel 39:11-13

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3.11 Events at the Midpoint of Daniel’s Seventieth Week

The primary events that occur at the midpoint of the seven year period of Daniel’s Seventieth Week are as follows:

The sealing of 144,000 Israelite believers in Revelation 7:1-8 probably occurs at the midpoint of Daniel’s Seventieth Week, or possibly in the first half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.

“’Put a seal on the foreheads of the servants of our God.’  Then I heard the number of those who were sealed: 144,000 from all the tribes of Israel.”  Revelation 7:3-4

The little horn ruler (the Beast) “will speak against the Most High and oppose his saints. …. The saints will be handed over to him for a time, times and half a time.”  Daniel 7:25.  See 3.10 above.  Note that this little horn ruler is also called “the ruler who will come” in Daniel 9:26, “the Man of Lawlessness” in 2 Thessalonians 2:3, “the Beast” in several passages (see 3.10 above) and “the Antichrist” in 1 John 2:18.  This oppression of God’s saints will apparently continue throughout the last half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.

He “oppresses” God’s saints – Daniel 7:25; 2 Thessalonians 2:4 & Revelation 13:5-7.

He comes with “Satanic miracles, signs and wonders” – 2 Thessalonians 2:9.

He is “given authority over every tribe, people, language and nation” – Revelation 13:7.

He breaks his seven year covenant with Israel – Daniel 7:25 & Daniel 9:27.  This breaking of covenant occurs at the midpoint of the seven year period per Daniel 9:27.

He stops the daily Temple sacrifice – Daniel 9:27 & Daniel 12:11.

He is revealed as the Man of Lawlessness – 2 Thessalonians 2:3,6-9.

He sets up an idol of himself in the temple – Daniel 9:27; Daniel 12:11; Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14; 2 Thessalonians 2:4 & Revelation 13:14-15.

The idol is called the abomination of desolation – Daniel 9:27; Daniel 12:11; Matthew 24:15 & Mark 13:14.

He exalts himself and proclaims himself to be God – Daniel 11:36-37; 2 Thessalonians 2:4 & Revelation 13:8,15.

God tells the believers in Judea to flee to the mountains when the idol is set up – Matthew 24:15-21 & Mark 13:14-19.

He starts severe persecution of Israel lasting 3 ½ years – Daniel 7:25; Daniel 12:6-7,11; Revelation 11:2-3; Revelation 12:6,14 & Revelation 13:5,7.  This persecution of Israel will apparently continue throughout the last half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.

This starts the worst time of distress ever – Daniel 12:1; Matthew 24:21 & Mark 13:19

He is doomed to destruction – Daniel 7:21-22,26; Daniel 9:27; 2 Thessalonians 2:3,8; Revelation 19:19-20 & Revelation 20:10.

He (the Beast) will speak against the Most High and oppress his saints and try to change the set times and the laws.  The saints will be handed over to him for a time, times and half a time.”  Daniel 7:25.  This apparently will continue throughout the last half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.

In the middle of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering.  And on a wing of the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.”  Daniel 9:27

“There will be a time of distress such as has not happened from the beginning of nations until then. …. ‘How long will it be before these astonishing things are fulfilled?’ …. ‘It will be for a time, times and half a time.’ …. From the time that the daily sacrifice is abolished and the abomination that causes desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days.”  Daniel 12:1,6-7,11.  Again, this distress will apparently continue throughout the last half of Daniel’ Seventieth Week.

“So when you see standing in the holy place ‘the abomination that causes desolation’ spoken of through the prophet Daniel – let the reader understand – then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.  Let no one on the roof of his house go down to take anything out of the house.  Let no one in the field go back to get his cloak. …. For then there will be great distress (Tribulation), unequaled from the beginning of the world until now – and never to be equaled again.”  Matthew 24:15-18,21.  This distress will apparently continue throughout the last half of Daniel’ Seventieth Week.

“When you see ‘the abomination that causes desolation’ standing where it does not belong – let the reader understand – then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. …. Those will be days of distress (Tribulation) unequaled from the beginning, when God created the world, until now – and never to be equaled again.”  Mark 13:14,19.  This distress will apparently continue throughout the last half of Daniel’ Seventieth Week.

“That day (the day of the Lord basis 2 Thessalonians 2:2) will not come until the rebellion (or probably instead the Rapture as discussed in 2.2 and 2.3 above) occurs and the Man of Lawlessness is revealed, the man doomed to destruction.  He will oppose and will exalt himself over everything that is called God or is worshiped, so that he sets himself up in God’s temple, proclaiming himself to be God.”  2 Thessalonians 2:3-4.  Note that the first part of this (verse 3) presumably occurs at the beginning of Daniel’s Seventieth Week, whereas the last part (verse 4) occurs at the midpoint.

The Gentiles will trample Jerusalem for 42 months.  Revelation 11:1-2.  Again, this gentile trampling of Jerusalem will apparently continue throughout the last half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.

God’s Two Witnesses are given power to “prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth. …. If anyone tries to harm them, fire comes from their mouths and devours their enemies.”  Revelation 11:3-12.  God’s Two Witnesses will apparently prophesy throughout the last half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  The identity of God’s Two Witnesses is uncertain, but they may be Enoch and Elijah who both were removed from earth by God without dying.  Refer to Genesis 5:22-24; 2 Kings 2:11 & Jude 14-15.  Note also that Malachi 4:5-6 says that God will send Elijah back to earth before the Second Coming.  See also 3.13 and 3.15 concerning the continuing ministry of God’s Two Witnesses.

A woman (representing Israel) was about to give birth to a son (Jesus), but the Dragon (Satan) stood waiting to devour the son at birth.  The son was instead snatched up to God, and the woman fled into the desert to be taken care of by God for 1,260 days.  Revelation 12:1-6.  This care will apparently continue throughout the last half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.

The Dragon (Satan) is cast out of heaven to earth – There was war in heaven, and the Dragon (Satan) and his angels were hurled to earth.  Revelation 12:7-13.  See also Isaiah 14:12-15 and Luke 10:18.

Then the Dragon (Satan) pursued the woman (representing Israel), but she was given two wings to fly to the place of God’s protection in the desert for a time, times and half a time.  The Dragon spewed water like a river from his mouth to sweep her away, but the earth swallowed the river.  Then the Dragon was enraged and instead went to make war against those who have trusted in Jesus.  Revelation 12:13-17.  This protection will apparently continue throughout the last half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.

“The Dragon (Satan) gave the Beast (the Antichrist) his power and his throne and great authority. …. The Beast was given a mouth to utter proud words and blasphemies and to exercise his authority for forty-two months. …. He was given power to make war against the saints and to conquer them.  And he was given authority over every tribe, people, language and nation.  All the inhabitants of the earth will worship the Beast – all whose names have not been written in the book of life belonging to the Lamb that was slain from the creation of the world.”  Revelation 13:2,5,7-8.  This will apparently continue throughout the last half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.

Another beast (the False Prophet of Revelation 16:13, Revelation 19:20 & Revelation 20:10) exercised all the authority of the Beast, performed miraculous signs, deceived and caused everyone on earth to worship the Beast.  Revelation 13:11-17.  The False Prophet will do his work throughout the last half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.

He (the False Prophet) ordered them to set up an image in honor of the Beast who was wounded by the sword and yet lived.  He was given power to give breath to the image of the first Beast, so that it could speak and cause all who refused to worship the image to be killed.”  Revelation 13:14-15

He (the False Prophet) also forced everyone …. to receive a mark on his right hand or on his forehead, so that no one could buy or sell unless he had the mark, which is the name of the Beast or the number of his name. …. His number is 666.”  Revelation 13:16-18

The Fall of the Great Prostitute called Babylon the GreatSee 3.10 above concerning the great power of Babylon the Great, probably in the first half Daniel’s Seventieth Week (Revelation 17:1-15,18).  But later, probably at the midpoint of Daniel’s Seventieth Week, the Beast hates her (Babylon the Great), and kills and burns her so that he will have the power to rule.  Revelation 17:16-17.  But also see 3.13 below concerning the results of the fall of Babylon the Great recorded in Revelation 18:1 through Revelation 19:5.

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3.12 Characteristics of the Last Half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week

“Alas for that day!  For the day of the LORD is near; it will come like destruction from the Almighty.”
Joel 1:15

“Blow the trumpet in Zion; sound the alarm on my holy hill.  Let all who live in the land tremble, for the day of the LORD is coming.  It is close at hand – a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and blackness.  Like dawn spreading across the mountains a large and mighty army comes, such as never was of old nor ever will be in ages to come.”
Joel 2:1-2

Return to the LORD your God, for he is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger and abounding in love, and he relents from sending calamity. …. Then the LORD will be jealous for his land and take pity on his people.”
Joel 2:13,18

“Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my spirit in those days.  I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth. …. The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD.  And everyone who calls on the name of the LORD will be saved.”
Joel 2:29-32

“In those days and at that time, when I restore the fortunes of Judah and Jerusalem, I will gather all nations and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat.  There I will enter into judgment against them concerning my people Israel, for they scattered my people among the nations and divided up my land.”
Joel 3:1-2

“Proclaim this among the nations: Prepare for war! …. Let the nations be roused; let them advance into the Valley of Jehoshaphat, for there I will sit to judge all the nations on every side. …. Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision!  For the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision.  The sun and the moon will be darkened, …. the earth and the sky will tremble.  But the LORD will be a refuge for his people, a stronghold for the people of Israel.”
Joel 3:9,12,14-16

“For three sins of Moab, even for four, I will not turn back my wrath. …. I will send fire upon Moab that will consume the fortresses of Kerioth. …. For three sins of Judah, even for four, I will not turn back my wrath. …. I will send fire upon Judah that will consume the fortresses of Jerusalem. …. For three sins of Israel, even for four, I will not turn back my wrath. …. I will crush you (Israel) as a cart crushes when loaded with grain.”
Amos 2:1-2,4-6,13

“This is what the LORD says: ‘As a shepherd saves from the lion’s mouth only two leg bones or a piece of an ear, so will the Israelites be saved.’ …. ‘Hear this and testify against the house of Jacob,’ declares the Lord, the LORD God Almighty.  ‘On the day I punish Israel for her sins, I will destroy.’ …. declares the LORD.”
Amos 3:12-15

“’’Yet you have not returned to me,’ declares the LORD. (This is repeated five times in verses 6,8-11) …. ‘Prepare to meet your God, O Israel.’”
Amos 4:6,8-12

“This is what the Sovereign LORD says: ‘The city that marches out a thousand strong for Israel will have only a hundred left; the town that marches out a hundred strong will have only ten left.’  This is what the LORD says to the house of Israel:  ‘Seek me and live. …. Seek the LORD and live, or he will sweep through the house of Joseph like a fire.’”
Amos 5:3-4,6

“There will be wailing in all the streets and cries of anguish in every public square. …. for I will pass through your midst.”
Amos 5:16-17

“Woe to you who long for the day of the LORD!  Why do you long for the day of the LORD?  That day will be darkness, not light.”
Amos 5:18

“Then the LORD said to me, ‘The time is ripe for my people Israel; I will spare them no longer.  In that day,’ declares the Sovereign LORD, ‘the songs in the temple will turn to wailing.  Many, many bodies – flung everywhere!  Silence!’”
Amos 8:2-3

“’In that day,’ declares the Sovereign LORD, ‘I will make the sun go down at noon and darken the earth in broad daylight.’”
Amos 8:9

“’The days are coming,’ declares the Sovereign LORD, ‘when I will send a famine through the land – not a famine of food or a thirst for water, but a famine of hearing the words of the LORD.’”
Amos 8:11

“’Surely the eyes of the Sovereign LORD are on the sinful kingdom.  I will destroy it from the face of the earth – yet I will not totally destroy the house of Jacob,’ declares the LORD.  ‘For I will give the command, and I will shake the house of Israel among all the nations. …. All the sinners among my people will die by the sword.’”
Amos 9:8-10

“In that day I will restore David’s fallen tent.”
Amos 9:11

“’I will bring back my exiled people Israel. …. I will plant Israel in their own land, never again to be uprooted from the land I have given them,’ says the LORD your God.”
Amos 9:14-15

“But on Mount Zion will be deliverance; it will be holy, and the house of Jacob will possess its inheritance.”
Obadiah 17

“The great day of the LORD is near – near and coming quickly.  Listen!  The cry on the day of the LORD will be bitter, the shouting of the warrior there.  That day will be a day of wrath, a day of distress and anguish, a day of trouble and ruin, a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and blackness.”
Zephaniah 1:14-15

Seek the LORD, all you humble of the land, you who do what he commands.  Seek righteousness, seek humility; perhaps you will be sheltered on the day of the LORD’s anger.”
Zephaniah 2:3

“I have decided to assemble the nations, to gather the kingdoms and pour out my wrath on them – all my fierce anger. …. Then will I purify the lips of the peoples, that all of them may call on the name of the LORD.”
Zephaniah 3:8-9

“Though I scatter them among the peoples, yet in distant lands they will remember me.  They and their children will survive and they will return.”
Zechariah 10:9

“I am going to make Jerusalem a cup that sends all the surrounding peoples reeling.  Judah will be besieged as well as Jerusalem.  On that day, when all the nations of the earth are gathered against her, I will make Jerusalem an immovable rock for all the nations.  All who try to move it will injure themselves. …. On that day I will set out to destroy all the nations that attack Jerusalem.”
Zechariah 12:2-3,9

“And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication.  They will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child.”
Zechariah 12:10

“On that day a fountain will be opened to the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, to cleanse them from sin and impurity.”
Zechariah 13:1

“’In the whole land (of Israel),’ declares the LORD, ‘two-thirds will be struck down and perish; yet one-third will be left in it.  This third I will bring into the fire; I will refine them like silver and test them like gold.  They will call on my name and I will answer them; I will say, “They are my people,” and they will say, “The LORD is our God.”’”
Zechariah 13:8-9

“I will gather all the nations to Jerusalem to fight against it. …. Then the LORD will go out and fight against those nations, as he fights in the day of battle.  On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem.”
Zechariah 14:2-4

“This is the plague with which the LORD will strike all the nations that fought against Jerusalem: Their flesh will rot while they are still standing on their feet, their eyes will rot in their sockets, and their tongues will rot in their mouths.  On that day men will be stricken by the LORD with great panic.”
Zechariah 14:12-13

“See, I will send you the prophet Elijah before that great and dreadful day of the LORD comes.”
Malachi 4:5

“Be on your guard against men; they will hand you over to the local councils and flog you in their synagogues.  On my account you will be brought before governors and kings as witnesses to them and to the Gentiles.”
Matthew 10:17-18

“All men will hate you because of me, but he who stands firm to the end will be saved.  When you are persecuted in one place, flee to another.  I tell you the truth, you will not finish going through the cities of Israel before the Son of Man comes.”
Matthew 10:22-23

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3.13 Events in Revelation of the Last Half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week

This last half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week is 3 ½ years in duration.  It is called the Great Tribulation.  Matthew 24:21 (NASB); Mark 13:19 (NASB) & Revelation 7:14

After the events that occur at the midpoint of Daniel’s Seventieth Week (see 3.11 above), the following events from the book of Revelation appear to occur during the last half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week, also called the Great Tribulation:

“After this I looked and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, standing before the throne and in front of the Lamb.  They were wearing white robes ….’These are they who have come out of the Great Tribulation; they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.’”
Revelation 7:9,14

Seventh Seal – Seven angels are given seven trumpets to sound, and a golden censer filled with burning incense is hurled onto the earth, causing thunder, lightning and an earthquake.  Revelation 8:1-5

First Trumpet – “There came hail and fire mixed with blood, and it was hurled down upon the earth.  A third of the earth was burned up, a third of the trees were burned up, and all the green grass was burned up.”  Revelation 8:7

Second Trumpet – “Something like a huge mountain, all ablaze, was thrown into the sea.  A third of the sea turned into blood, a third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed.”  Revelation 8:8-9

Third Trumpet – “A great star, blazing like a torch, fell from the sky on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water – the name of the star is Wormwood.  A third of the waters turned bitter, and many people died from the waters.”  Revelation 8:10-11

Fourth Trumpet – “A third of the sun was struck, a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of them turned dark.  A third of the day was without light, and also a third of the night.”  Revelation 8:12

Fifth Trumpet and First Woe – A star falls from sky to the earth.  The Abyss (Bottomless Pit) is opened.  The sun and sky are darkened by the smoke from the Abyss.  Locusts with stingers coming out of the Abyss are given power for five months to torture those not having the seal of God on their foreheads, and men seek death.  Revelation 9:1-12

Sixth Trumpet – Four angels are released at the river Euphrates to kill a third of mankind using two hundred million horsemen and using their horses, with fire, smoke and sulfur coming out of the horses mouths.  The rest of mankind, that are not killed, still do not repent of their sins.  Revelation 9:13-21.  Note that this huge army of 200,000,000, after these battles, is probably among those gathered at Armageddon (Revelation 16:12-16) to attack and sack Jerusalem as described in Zechariah 14:2-4 (and also Joel 3:2,9-16; Zechariah 12:2-3 & Revelation 19:19).  See also 4.5.

The Angel with a Little Scroll – An angel coming down from heaven makes an announcement, then gives the little scroll to the Apostle John to eat.  It is as sweet as honey in his mouth, but sour in his stomach.  Revelation 10:1-11

The Temple – John is told to measure the temple.  Gentiles “will trample on the holy city for 42 months.”  Revelation 11:1-2.  See also Luke 21:24.

God’s Two Witnesses – “I will give power to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth. …. If anyone tries to harm them, fire comes from their mouths and devours their enemies. …. These men have power to shut up the sky so that it will not rain, ,,,, to turn the waters into blood and to strike the earth with every kind of plague.”  Revelation 11:3,5-6.  See 3.15 below for the concluding events of the Two Witnesses found in Revelation 11:7-12.

Second Woe – Then a severe earthquake in Jerusalem causes a tenth of the city to collapse with seven thousand deaths.  Survivors are terrified and give glory to the God of heaven.  Revelation 11:13-14

Seventh Trumpet and Third Woe – There is worship of God in heaven.  A great sign appears in heaven:  A woman (representing Israel) was about to give birth to a son (Jesus), but a Dragon (Satan) stood waiting to devour the son at birth.  The son was instead snatched up to God, and the woman fled into the desert to be taken care of by God for 1,260 days.  Revelation 11:15 through Revelation 12:6.

Then the Dragon (Satan) pursued the woman (representing Israel), but she was given two wings to fly to the place of God’s protection in the desert for a time, times and half a time.  The Dragon spewed water like a river from his mouth to sweep her away, but the earth swallowed the river.  Then the Dragon was angry and instead went to make war against those who have trusted in Jesus.  Revelation 12:13-17.

The Beast coming out of the Sea, and the False Prophet coming out of the earth – “The Beast was given a mouth to utter proud words and blasphemies and to exercise his authority for forty-two months.”  Revelation 13:1-18.  This probably starts at the midpoint of Daniel’s Seventieth Week.  See 3.11 above.

The Lamb and the 144,000 – The 144,000 sealed Israelites (see Revelation 7), who had God’s name written on their foreheads, sing a new song to God.  Revelation 14:1-5

Angelic Visions of the End – An angel proclaims the eternal gospel to those who live on earth.  Another angel warns people not to receive the mark of the Beast (Revelation 13:16-17), because otherwise they will receive God’s wrath and eternal judgment.  The Son of Man is seen as swinging his sickle and harvesting the earth.  An angel also swings his sickle and gathers grapes (people) into the great winepress of God’s wrath.  Revelation 14:6-20.

Note that these visions (Revelation 14:6-20) are anticipatory of the Second Coming of Christ to the Mount of Olives, and of his defeat and destruction of the nations who oppose him.  These nations have gathered huge armies (initially 200 million per Revelation 9:16), that rendezvous at Armageddon (Revelation 16:14,16) and then sack Jerusalem (Zechariah 14:2).  But then Christ returns to earth on the Mount of Olives and totally defeats these armies outside Jerusalem at the Valley of Jehoshaphat as described in Joel 3:1-2,9-16; Zechariah 12:2-3,7-9; Zechariah 14:2-9; Revelation 14:14-20 & Revelation 19:11,15-21.  Regarding this see 4.5.  Then will occur the great winepress of God’s wrath per Joel 3:13; Revelation 14:19-20 & Revelation 19:15.

Seven Angels Prepared with Seven Bowls of God’s Wrath – Out of the heavenly temple come seven angels, who are given seven golden bowls filled with the wrath of God to be poured out on the earth.  Revelation 15:1 through Revelation 16:1

First Bowl – Produces painful sores on people who have the mark of the Beast.  Revelation 16:2

Second Bowl – Produces blood in the seas; and every living creature in the sea dies.  Revelation 16:3

Third Bowl – Produces blood in the rivers and springs.  Revelation 16:4-7

Fourth Bowl – The sun is given power to scorch people with fire, but they refuse to repent.  Revelation 16:8-9

Fifth Bowl – The Beast’s kingdom is plunged into darkness, but men refuse to repent.  Revelation 16:10-11

Sixth Bowl and Preparation at Armageddon for Battle – The River Euphrates dries up to prepare the way for the armies of the kings from the east.  Then the Dragon (Satan), the Beast and the False Prophet perform miraculous signs and gather the armies of the kings of the whole world to Armageddon in preparation for battle against Israel and against God.  Revelation 16:12-16.  See Section 4.5.

Seventh Bowl – Produces a very severe worldwide earthquake that collapses the cities of the nations.  Every island flees away and mountains can not be found.  Huge hailstones of a hundred pounds each fall upon men, but they curse God.  Revelation 16:17-21

The Results of the fall of Babylon the Great (see Babylon the Great’s greatness as discussed in 3.10 and in 3.11 above, and then its fall in Revelation 17:16-17) – Thereafter in Revelation 18:1 through Revelation 19:5, the kings and the merchants of the earth mourn for the burned prostitute, Babylon the Great, because their economic livelihood has been destroyed.  Also, sea captains and sailors mourn because of their loss of commerce when they see the smoke of Babylon burning.  Then a great multitude in heaven shouts Hallelujah because God has judged and condemned the prostitute.

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3.14 Other Events of the Last Half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week

The following scriptures are additional events of the last half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week that have not already been given as characteristics of this time in 3.12 above, or as events of this time from the book of Revelation in 3.13 above:

There is severe persecution of Israel lasting 3 ½ yearsThe Time of Jacob’s Trouble (see Jeremiah 30:7);  A time, times and half a time (see Daniel 7:25, Daniel 12:7 & Revelation 12:14);  1,290 days (see Daniel 12:11);  1,335 days (see Daniel 12:12);  42 months (see Revelation 11:2 & Revelation 13:5); and 1,260 days (see Revelation 11:3 & Revelation 12:6).

This 3 ½ years will be the worst time of distress (tribulation) ever.  See Daniel 12:1; Matthew 24:21-22,29-30; Mark 13:19-20,24-26; Luke 21:23,26-27 & Revelation 7:9,14.

Israelites will be severely refined by God.  See Zechariah 13:8-9.

Israel will be judged by God.  See Ezekiel 20:35-38.

Unrepentant Israelite sinners will die.  See Isaiah 1:9,20,28; Isaiah 65:11-12,15; Amos 5:3-4,6; Amos 9:8-10; Zechariah 13:8-9; Matthew 3:12 & Romans 9:27-28.

The cup of God’s wrath will be poured out on the gentiles.  See Psalm 2:4-6,10-12; Isaiah 2:9-21; Isaiah 24:1-23; Isaiah 26:21 & Jeremiah 25:15-17,27-29,31-33.

False Christs appear and perform great miracles to try to deceive the elect.  See Matthew 24:23-26; Mark 13:21-23 and 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12.

There will be great wars.  See Daniel 11:40-44 & Revelation 9:13-21.

All nations send their armies against Israel.  See Daniel 11:40-41,45; Joel 3:2,9-12; Zephaniah 3:8; Zechariah 12:2-3; Zechariah 14:2; Revelation 16:12-14,16 & Revelation 19:11,19.

All nations gather against Jerusalem and capture it.  See Zechariah 14:1-2.

Two-thirds of Israel will perish.  See Zechariah 13:8.

“They (Israel) will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a fisrtborn son.”  Zechariah 12:10

“And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come.”  Matthew 24:14.  Note that the preaching of the gospel in the whole world may be completed in the first half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week, but it certainly will be completed by the end of the second half, before the Second Coming of Christ.

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3.15 Concluding Events of the Last Half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week

The following events of the last half of Daniel’s Seventieth Week, occur throughout the last half, but conclude at the Second Coming of Jesus Christ to earth:

The little horn ruler (the Beast) “will speak against the Most High and oppose his saints and try to change the set times and the laws.  The saints will be handed over to him for a time, times and half a time.  Daniel 7:25

Daniel 12:1-13 indicates that after the daily temple sacrifice is abolished, and the Abomination of Desolation is set up (both in verse 11), there will be a time of distress such as has not happened from the beginning of nations until then (verse 1).  This will be for a time, times and half a time (verse 7), or said to be for 1,290 days (verse 11).

“There will be a Great Tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever shall.”  Matthew 24:21 NASB.  Note that this verse is between the Abomination of Desolation standing in the holy place (verse 15), and the Son of Man coming with power and great glory (verse 30).

“Those will be days of distress (Tribulation) unequaled from the beginning, when God created the world, until now – and never to be equaled again.”  Mark 13:19.  Note that this verse is between the Abomination of Desolation standing where it does not belong (verse 14), and the Son of Man coming with power and glory (verse 26).

A great multitude of gentile believers are martyred in the Great Tribulation.  Revelation 7:9,13-14

Unbelieving gentiles trample Jerusalem for 42 months.  Revelation 11:1-2

God’s Two Witnesses – They are given power to prophesy for 1,260 days (see 3.11 and 3.13 above).  But then the Beast comes up from the Abyss (Bottomless Pit) and kills the Two Witnesses.  Their bodies will lie in the street in Jerusalem for three and a half days, as seen by the whole world.  Then a breath of life from God brings them back to life, and they are taken to heaven while their enemies look on.  Revelation 11:3-12

The Woman (Israel), who gives birth to a son (Jesus), is pursued by the Dragon (Satan), but she flees to the place prepared in the desert, where she is taken care of by God for 1,260 days (verse 6), which is a time, times and half a time (verse 14).  Revelation 12:1-6,13-17

The Beast is given authority by the Dragon (Satan).  The whole world follows and worships the Beast, and he exercises his authority for forty-two months (verse 5).  Revelation 13:1-10

The following events conclude just before the Second Coming of Jesus Christ to earth:

The Dragon (Satan), the Beast and the False Prophet cause the kings of the whole world (and their armies) to gather at Armagedon for war.  Revelation 16:13-16.  Note that Armagedon is the military assembly point, but the main battle seems to occur just outside Jerusalem as indicated below in 3.15 and in 4.5 below.

“I will gather all the nations to Jerusalem to fight against it; the city will be captured, the houses ransacked, and the women raped.”  Zechariah 14:2.  Note that the next two verses say that;  “Then the LORD will go out and fight against those nations, as he fights on the day of battle.  On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two.”

“I will gather all nations and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat (adjacent to Jerusalem).  There I will enter into judgment against them.”  Joel 3:2.  See also Joel 3:12-16.

“On that day, when all the nations of the earth are gathered against her, I will make Jerusalem an immovable rock for all the nations.  All who try to move it will injure themselves. …. On that day I will set out to destroy all the nations that attack Jerusalem.”  Zechariah 12:3,9

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